the how to survival guide. natural disasters or natural predators

Hey Everyone, and Welcome back to another My Hastings post. Today’s topic is about how to survive some of the worst disasters and predators nature has in store. Everyone has heard about the how to’s on these topics, but here we will be going in depth a little more about these situations on natural disasters AND some of natural predators that will put a damper on you natural surviving opportunities. When there’re tons of ways to survive certain situations thrown at you by nature itself, there’s also many ways those basic survival skills will not hold up. I’m talking about fires, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, and tsunamis. Along with those, there are predators as well, like lions, tigers, and bears. Oh my.
Now to get this adventure going and to keep everyone a step ahead of nature, Here’s a list for my how to survival guide.are-you-ready

Fire and Water

Under this topic I’m gonna be explaining how to survive a situation where you’re either in a fire like a wild fire or around an active volcano and in a potential watery grave like in the middle of an ocean, a hurricane, or when a tsunami decides to invade your homestead. To make matters worse, they pop up at the worst of times. Be prepared and let’s get started.

Fire-volcanoes and wild fires

Now we all know anything to do with fire is gonna be a hot situation. Now fire in a liquid form like lava or the natural state burns differently and at different speeds. For example, the natural state of fire burns faster going uphill while lava is a bit slower. Like a rock rolling down hill because of the crust it forms as it cools, uphill is a difficult task for it to move. Now with that mentioned, moving uphill around a lava flow would be your best option. But let’s say you are closer to the volcano where you’re around the eruption. There is volcanic rock, smoke, and pyroclastic flow, You’re already in deep trouble as it is but is there a way to survive? Well, even though the odds are obviously against you, the best thing you can do is to be at least 20 km away as 15 km is typically the distance it travels from the volcanic crater, and to be in a robust shelter like a cellar, or a strong building. The opposite is said about a forest fire or similar. Fire. They tend to like to go uphill for the fact that while it burns, fire will rise and catch anything above it so your best option in this case is to stay below. It also helps the fact that smoke also rises. Keeping a damp cloth over your face will help prevent inhalation of unwanted health harming fumes. But let’s say you’re already on fire. Well everyone knows the answer to this, stop, drop, and roll. Once the fire is out, get downhill with a damp cloth over you for the fact that you’ll probably be aching from the burn.


Water-tsunamis/floods, hurricanes, and strandedcrashing-hurricane

Tsunamis, hurricanes, and floods are all horrifying situations along with getting stranded in the middle of the ocean without anyone around. How are you gonna get by this threat? Well let’s find out shall we. Now Tsunamis and floods go hand in hand for obvious reasons and personally I wouldn’t wanna be caught in either one. To avoid getting caught in a tsunami, you might wanna know what to look for, like the water line on the shore rapidly depleting at a massive level and speed. Get as far away as possible and don’t stand there to watch what happens and get up someplace high and sturdy enough to take the heavy flow of the water. Tsunamis can travel as far as 10 miles but the height of the wave would deplete by that distance. Just make sure you’re also high off the ground. That also goes with a flood. Stay high and out of the water because who knows how the undertow would be and stay visible for rescuers to spot you. Hurricanes are another difficult disaster to avoid. You would want to stay indoors in a strong room and away from windows or anything heavy. Brace your doors and stay covered. They would also cause a flood so be careful of that as well. Getting stranded in the middle of a watery nowhere is never a good start of your morning but to make things better, here’s some education. Near the big dipper, there is a star called the Polaris, which is the brightest star five times the distance from the bowl of the big dipper. So it would be pretty hard to miss. It will always point you due north. Use your wet clothes to hold air and they will act as a flotation device to keep you afloat, saving your energy so you’ll have enough to yell for help once you’ve spotted a vessel.

Earth and Winds

Earth-earthquakes and drought

      Now that we are on dry land, there is more to worry about like earthquakes and the occasional drought. Yay nature… Let’s say this particular Earthquake is at a Richter scale of 6.0. Well the damper of the day has arrived. For the fact that large earthquakes can topple buildings and large trees, you would want to stay in a clear surrounding and laying close to the ground as possible. Never try to run or any other type of travel. This will ensure that no wrecks or that you don’t lose balance and fall. Causing head injury that can lead to brain injury and possibly a chance of paralysis or death. Stay until the earthquake has passed.drought

A drought can dry out foods and water needed for survival. Which in turn would kill livestock and people alike. The human body can normally last up to 3-4 days without water and up to 3 weeks without food. This of course is also affected by the drought. First things first, get shelter out of the heat and find some water. The best ways to find water if you’re not near a lake or the ocean where you can evaporate it for clean water, you can use the sun as an advantage by digging a small hole with a black bag layering the bottom and a cup in the middle. Fill the hole around the cup with a liquid including, and it’s gross enough as it is, urine. But not oils or gasses. Above the hole, line it with another black bag held down around it by small but heavy enough rocks with one in the center. Over time this will evaporate the water from the liquid and draining it down the top bag into the cup for sustenance. There are a lot of wild animals to capture and cook for food. You can use a snag trap made of string and sticks or an already professionally made trap. But a rifle will do as well if you have one.

Winds-tornadoes and blizzards

      Well to survive a tornado is basically the same as surviving a hurricane, minus the flood. Just go to your safe room and secure all the doors while avoiding all windows. Do not hide near any heavy or sharp objects. If you’re under a table, do not hide under the center. Always near the legs because they’re more sturdy and the weight of something falling on you will shift towards the center and collapse it.

I know blizzards would also fall under water for the fact it has to do with ice and snow, but I thought to be spontaneous today. To survive under these conditions, you would obviously need to stay warm and dry. So finding a secure place to keep the wind out would be great for building a fire while bundling up in as many blankets as possibly comfortable if there isn’t others around. If there are others, sharing body heat along with the fire and covers would be even better. Stay hydrated. Dehydration can increase your chances of hypothermia as well as being wet.

Predators, aggressive on instinct

Cats

      Lions, Tigers, Bobcats, Mountain lions, Panthers, and Cougars are some of wild cats that roam our world and are very agile and fast. They usually try to avoid us but have been known to attack as well. You might not wanna get on their bad side but if you do, here are some pointers.

Don’t turn your back on them and/or run. They may take the advantage and try to bite down on your neck. Severing the spine. Flail and make loud human noises and making yourself look larger. This will usually startle them away. So don’t look helpless by any means. Don’t approach cubs.

crocodile-attackReptiles

      Alligators, Crocodiles, and Snakes are some of our aggressive neighbors. Let’s hope you don’t run into them. If you’re not Rambo, then wrestling them with a Bowie most likely wouldn’t be an option. Here’s the next best thing.

Do NOT play dead. This wouldn’t work. If you’re against an alligator or crocodile, run in a straight line. The zig zag myth is just a myth. They can run 10 mph so get to moving’. An Alligator and Crocodile’s eyes are vulnerable if you’re caught. So jab at them or punch them in the snout. It’s also sensitive. Keep fighting against it. Never stop.

Snakes sense heat and vibrations and some of the best ways to keep away is to avoid tall grass areas. But if you’ve already found yourself in this situation, move back slowly. Stay calm and keep a steady breath. Eventually you can get far enough to just leave. A Boa or Python can be easily unraveled by the tail first. They are weaker than people and the chances of one constricting you will be extremely rare. Pouring hot or cold water on the snake will force it to let go and try to escape. The same goes with squirting alcohol into it’s mouth.

Bears

      Grizzles, Polar Bears, Brown Bears, and Black Bears are deterred by pepper spray if sprayed in the eyes of course. If you run, the bear will come after you and think you are prey. So stand your ground. Bears will stop attacking if they no longer find you threatening so play dead. They will eventually leave after smacking you around a bit to see if you’re really dead. Don’t climb any trees. Bears are good climbers.

Dogs

      Wolves, Coyotes, Hyenas, and Dingoes are some of wild dogs that hang around as well. They all travel in packs so unless you have a death wish, just avoid them all together. If a wild dog ends up catching you and you can’t avoid it, stay motionless while avoiding direct eye contact. Slowly raise your hands to cover your neck while keeping your elbows in. Wait until the dog starts to back away or leaves before you do.

Sharks

Great White, Tiger Sharks, Hammerheads, Mackerel Sharks, and Bull Sharks has a sensitive face and gills and will let go if you beat at them. Play defense by not taking your eyes off the shark and stay calm while not making any sudden movements. If you can’t get out of the water quick enough, try to limit the sharks possible attack points as much as possible.

Territorial, aggressive when felt threatened

Birdshawk-in-attack-mode

Some birds are very territorial and will attack if you get too close to their nest full of chicks. And not the sexy kind either. If you find yourself in this scenario, just keep your arms covering your head while getting as far from there as possible. They’ll stop attacking after you get some distance. If not, find shelter.

 

Elephants

There are three methods of surviving a charging elephant. Evaluate if it’s a mock charge or a real charge by looking at its ears. If they are pinned back, it’s a real charge. But if not, then the elephant is faking the charge to see if you’re a threat. If the trunk is curled in and up, means it’s also a real charge and vice versa. Evade the elephant during a real charge and stay down wind because of their keen sense of smell. Can’t let them have it easy seeking you out. Run in zig zag patterns, find something to keep between you and the elephant, climb up a sturdy tree or rock, if not, find a narrow ditch. Throw a decoy object to distract the elephant, and if it didn’t get distracted, shout to make loud noises to startle it.

 

Now that we are still alive

Welcome to my conclusion. I apologize for my post being so long but it’s a price to stay alive. Now that we’re here, I would like to thank you for taking your time in reading it. If there is anything you’d like to inform me of in this topic, please, leave a comment and let me know. I welcome all ideas. Until next time, stay safe out there.